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Alabama Constitution of 1819, Article III (Legislative Department), Section 10.
SEC. 10. The General Assembly shall, at the first session after making every such enumeration, fix by law the whole number of senators, and shall divide the state into the same number of districts, as nearly equal in the number of white inhabitants as may be, each of which districts shall be entitled to one senator and no more; provided that the whole number of senators shall never be less than one fourth, nor more than one third of the whole number of representatives.